The ancient Egyptian Temple of Sekhet is one of the world’s largest and most spectacular archaeological sites, but archaeologists have been unable to determine whether it was built in the Late Bronze Age or Late Bronze, a period that was characterized by significant urban expansion, which is thought to have led to the abandonment of the Temple and its subsequent destruction in the 6th century BC.
This is the first study of its kind to examine the reconstruction of a temple building from the Late Roman period (ca.
400-550 BCE), in which the building appears to have been rebuilt using a pre-existing structure.
The team used X-ray imaging to determine the structural details of the reconstructed temple, as well as the exact location of the building’s roof and interior spaces, including the number of steps and floors.
The research, published in Antiquity, found that the reconstruction was carried out by an individual who was not affiliated with the Temple, the team says.
“It was done with no coordination or planning.
This may indicate that the temple was abandoned, but its construction took place without planning,” says Professor Alia Mokhtar, who led the team that carried out the reconstruction.
“This is the result of a complex interplay of the needs of the local population and the needs for urban planning.”
It is believed that the original construction of the temple could be dated to around 200 BCE, before the arrival of the pharaoh Akhenaten (known as Akhenaton) who built the Great Pyramid of Giza.
In his reign, Akhenat built the Temple of the Winds in Luxor, Egypt, which was destroyed in 586 BCE, but is preserved at the British Museum.
The building was constructed over several centuries and the first step towards its reconstruction took place in the 8th century BCE, when a local architect built a concrete temple on top of the original temple.
This was the first concrete temple to be rebuilt using an existing structure.
“The reconstruction of the structure was done by a local artisan who built his temple on the site of the old temple,” says Mokker.
“There was a time when the city of Luxor was surrounded by the great city of the gods and the temple of the winds was constructed on top, but the ancient builders were unable to construct a temple in the modern city.”
The reconstruction of Sekhat’s temple, which includes its interior and exterior, was completed in 2015, according to the team.
It is located in the Delta of the Nile, near the river Seine, and is surrounded by a dense forest, including a forested area called the Pharaonic Garden, which dates back to the 7th century.
“Archaeologists from Egypt have never investigated a building like this before,” says professor Moktar.
“But it is an exciting and fascinating find, because the temple had been completely destroyed by the destruction of the city in the 586-5th century AD, and so we don’t know whether it’s still standing.”
“It is also the first time that we know about an intact structure of a building that was rebuilt using pre-existent structures,” she adds.
“In ancient times, this type of reconstruction of buildings would be very rare.”
Researchers have previously used a method to assess the structure’s original design.
“Using this method, we could estimate the structural integrity of the existing structure,” explains Mokkar.
“For instance, if we know that the existing concrete structure has no visible signs of deterioration, then it could be inferred that the structure has been completely rebuilt using the existing materials.”
The project also examined the structure of the main entrance, known as the ‘gate’, which is located within the main building.
“We found a few small holes that were not obvious, and the archaeologists were unable find any traces of damage to the building,” says Dr. Samir Moktaoui, one of its researchers.
“Nevertheless, the excavation showed that the entrance was still intact, but with some small holes.”
The excavation also uncovered an additional 2,700 metres of stone foundation, which indicates that the construction of Sekat’s temple took place before Akhenaaten built the great Pyramid of the Gods in Luxors Pyramid of Khufu, a structure that was destroyed during the same period.
The archaeologists were able to determine that the roof of the entrance and its roofing were constructed using the same bricks used for the pyramids, and that the wall of the gate was also constructed using similar bricks.
“When the gate is built, it also shows that the building had already been completed,” explains Dr. Moktahoui.
“Thus, the construction was carried on without the knowledge of the ancient rulers.”